Cold War espionage paid off—until it backfired, East German spy records reveal Credits: (Graphic) G. Grullón/Science; (Data) A. Glitz and E. Meyersson, 2017 The achievement gap East Germany was far behind the West when it came to economic productivity. But without espionage, that gap would have been some 9.4% bigger for all sectors of the economy (left chart) and 35.1% bigger for computers and electronics (right chart). And if the East didn’t make up for its losses by putting out more patents, the gap in both cases would have been even larger. By Catherine MatacicJul. 31, 2017 , 8:00 AM Deep in debt and struggling to provide for his family, Hans Rehder got an offer he couldn’t refuse: to steal key files from his employer, West German electronics firm Telefunken, for a monthly payoff from East German agents. Soon the former Nazi party member and physicist was on board, and he delivered a staggering volume of material: hundreds of invaluable documents each year, including the complete plans for the radiation-resistant Leopard 1 tank. His side hustle lasted 28 years—from 1957 to 1985—and he was never caught.But although spying clearly paid off for Rehder, economists and historians have long wondered whether industrial espionage is worth it for the country subsidizing all the spying. Now, in the first study of its kind, researchers have analyzed more than 150,000 previously classified documents from the former East German Ministry for State Security (also known as the Stasi) to reach a surprising conclusion: Stealing can boost economic productivity in the short-term, but it cannibalizes long-term investment in research and development.“It’s R&D on cocaine,” says author Erik Meyersson, a political economist at the Stockholm School of Economics. “Maybe you can have a little bit of fun with it, but it’s not good for you in the long run.”Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Industrial, or economic, espionage has a rich history. It helped the Soviet Union get the atomic bomb in the mid-20th century. In the early 19th century it launched the United States onto the world stage after American agents stole technology—and skilled workers—from factories across Europe. And as far back as the 6th century C.E., it helped the Byzantine Empire break China’s monopoly on silk production, when two Nestorian monks smuggled silkworms out of the Far East. But thanks in part to the very nature of such secrets, no one has ever had a bird’s eye view of how stolen information can affect an entire economic system. Words to spy by East German scientists evaluated the reports sent in by their spies, rating each on a scale of one to five and tagging them with keywords for easier cataloguing. Economists used these keywords—which ranged from fewer than five per report to 145—to figure out what information spies were collecting. IBM computer centers in West Germany—like this one near Stuttgart—were chief targets of East Germany’s industrial spying program. Meyersson’s opportunity came in 2011, when he stumbled across a news story about Stasi spying, and he sensed there were untapped databases on the topic. Fellow economist—and German speaker—Albrecht Glitz of Pompeu Fabra Univeristy in Barcelona, Spain, agreed and launched their investigation. He soon called back with good news: “The data is there. All we have to do is go get it.”That was easier said than done. After several years of negotiation, Meyersson and Glitz got their hands on 151,627 dispatches on scientific secrets collected by thousands of spies between 1970 and 1988. The duo couldn’t see the content of the reports, but they could see the metadata, including who collected the information and when, how valuable the information was, and keywords related to each item’s content.They used the 2000 most common keywords—which included terms like “military technology,” “optics,” and “IBM”—to divide the reports into 16 economic sectors, from machine building (23,152 items) to chemicals (33,409 items) to office appliances, computers, and electronics (100,279 items). They then looked at how each of those sectors fared in something called total factor productivity, (TFP) a measure of how efficiently an economy uses its capital equipment—from forklifts to computerized control systems—and labor. (Higher TFP growth is typically associated with innovation.) Finally, they compared growth in TFP for each sector in East and West Germany for every year in the data set.After controlling for the effects of trade and research and development, the team found that economic espionage boosted TFP growth in East Germany, helping it close the gap with West Germany by some 8.6% in 1989, they report in a working paper published by the Institute of Labor Economics, an economics research institute in Bonn, Germany. The effect was especially pronounced in the computing and electronics sector, where espionage reduced the gap between East and West by almost 26%. (The chart below reveals the same gap, but using the TFP difference between West and East Germany—not the TFP difference before and after espionage—as its baseline.)“It’s a very original paper,” says Bart Hobijn, a macroeconomist at Arizona State University in Tempe formerly with the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank in San Francisco, California. “Not only did they have access to the data, but they thought about it very creatively. They are in a sense … going through the back door.” © Leonard Freed/Magnum Photos Credits: (Graphic) G. Grullón/Science; (Data) A. Glitz and E. Meyersson, 2017 Historian Kristie Macrakis of the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, who has spent more than a decade studying Stasi databases—including the one used in the current study—agrees. “I was really excited that someone crunched these numbers,” she says. “They basically quantified what I did [already] in a qualitative way.” Macrakis, who has argued that East German industrial espionage was ultimately a failure, says the next step is to look at how the stolen technology was integrated into individual East German firms, who often requested—and received—the stolen information.Hobijn says that the paper could also be instructive for countries and companies currently engaged in industrial espionage. “If I were running a secret service, I’d like to know what the return is on my effort.” According to the new study, the payoff may have been as high as €4.6 billion for East Germany in 1988, compared with annual spying expenditures of about €6.4 million. Espionage “has a substantial effect,” Hobijn says.But there’s a hidden cost, Meyersson says. Espionage seems to “eat up” investment in research and development. For example, the authors’ model showed that increases in industrial espionage significantly reduced patent applications, a key proxy for research and development. “It’s a way to keep up,” Meyersson says. “It’s not a strategy to become a world leader.”That’s exactly what played out in East Germany, Macrakis says. Despite early successes, including the “reinvention” of polyurethane and the reverse engineering of the “must-have” mainframe computer of the 1960s—the IBM 360—industrial espionage hit a wall in the late 1970s and 1980s. That’s because a new focus on advanced computing—in particular, the country’s quest to create a 1-megabyte memory chip—required orders of magnitude greater investments in human intelligence and embargoed goods. Easy access to secrets had, over time, discouraged both state and private investment in research and development. “East Germany collapsed,” she says. “Maybe they caught up a little bit, but in the end the whole computing thing [at least] was a fiasco.”Perhaps physicist-turned-spy Hans Rehder would have agreed. In a cryptic comment to his case officer, he once asked: “I’m giving you the best technology available, why can’t you use it?”
AdvertisementEverton trashed Manchester United at Goodison Park and it almost ended the hope of Manchester United to finish in the top four this season. The Toffees were brilliant today at their home and it was a performance that they would cherish forever.Richarlison opened the scoresheet for the Toffees at the 13th minute of the match. Dominic Calvert-Lewin provided the ball towards Richarlison. Gylfi Sigurdson scored the second goal for the Toffees at the 28th minute of the match. Idrissa Gueye provided the ball towards Sigurdson and he placed it perfectly in the goal. The first half ended with a scoreline of 2-0 for Everton.Ashley Young and Scott McTominay were brought in place of Phil Jones and Fred just at the beginning of the second half of the match. Lucas Digne scored the third goal for Everton at the 56th minute of the match. Theo Walcott was brought in place of Richarlison as the Brazilian centre forward got injured.Theo Walcott scored the fourth goal of the match for Everton at the 64th minute of the match. Everton completely dominated the Red Devils at Goodison Park on Sunday and it almost ended all the hopes of Manchester United to finish in the top four this season. Advertisement
Antoine Griezmann was jeered during his last game for Atletico Madrid and Rodrigo might have scored his final goal for the club as they came from behind to draw 2-2 against Levante in La Liga on Saturday. Griezmann received whistles at the City of Valencia Stadium from the visiting fans, who were also heard chanting “out, out, out” before goals from Sergio Camello and Rodrigo ensured Atletico at least ended the season with a draw. “We had to highlight the work of the gladiators who are leaving,” Simeone said afterwards. “Their greatest legacy is not the titles won, it is their commitment and respect. I love them very much.” Simeone has dismissed fears of a mass exodus, despite both Diego Godin and Griezmann already announcing their departures, with the likes of Rodrigo, Juanfran and Filipe Luis all expected to follow. If this was to be their farewell outing for Atletico, it was an underwhelming finale as Levante, who only secured safety from relegation last weekend, claimed a deserved point. They might have been disappointed not to take all three after leading 2-0 at half-time thanks to goals from Erick Cabaco and Roger Marti before then playing against 10 men for the best part of 40 minutes after Angel Correa was sent off. “We could have won 3-0, but we relaxed.” said Levante coach Paco Lopez.Related News MSSA: Harsh fires Campion into final Tottenham Hotspur appoint Jose Mourinho as manager Atletico fought back, Rodrigo firing into the top corner before 18-year-old substitute Camello scored his first goal for the club, finishing at the back post. Simeone’s side finish second again with 76 points, three fewer than last season. They come in above Real Madrid for a second consecutive year but will end up 13 points behind Barcelona, if the Catalans win away at Eibar on Sunday. Griezmann was unable to add to his tally of 133 goals in 257 games across all competitions in what became a bitter end to his five successful seasons for the club. Godin was given a rousing goodbye ceremony at the Wanda Metropolitano last weekend but the timing of Griezmann’s announcement, perhaps deliberately, meant he avoided a last meeting with the Atleti fans. But those that made the trip to Valencia were determined to make their displeasure known and it was noticeable that Griezmann made a swift exit after the final whistle. Camello, born in Madrid and a product of Atletico’s academy, delivered a more positive message for the future and a timely reminder of Atletico’s ability to endure in recent years, despite the departures of their biggest stars. “Football has no age limits,” Simeone added. “We will never stop making use of everything we can to ensure the club keeps growing.” Levante took the lead through a brilliant opener from Cabaco, who flicked in with the back of his heel after a header back from Ruben Vezo. Roger doubled the advantage shortly before half-time, intercepting a loose pass from Thomas Partey before skipping over Rodrigo and firing past Antonio Adan, who was standing in for the injured Jan Oblak. Atletico’s task became more difficult when Correa was sent off for a petulant kick on Chema but Rodrigo gave them hope with a stunning strike into the top corner, before Koke’s shot fell kindly for Camello at the back post. Catch up on all the latest sports news and updates here. Also download the new mid-day Android and iOS apps to get latest updates Miquel Blazquez Font to emerge as a competent sports journalist in the sporting world
Shinji Kagawa is considering making a dream move to Spain as he looks to escape a difficult situation at Borussia Dortmund.After injury cut his campaign short last season, the 29-year-old has made just two appearances in the Bundesliga this term, seeing Marco Reus take his place in attacking midfield. The Japan international is determined to return to first-team football, but is aware he may have to leave Germany to make it happen. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Man Utd ready to spend big on Sancho and Haaland in January Who is Marcus Thuram? Lilian’s son who is top of the Bundesliga with Borussia Monchengladbach Brazil, beware! Messi and Argentina out for revenge after Copa controversy Best player in MLS? Zlatan wasn’t even the best player in LA! Having already tried his hand in England, he believes a switch to La Liga could be the remedy to his current predicament.”I want to solve the current situation as soon as possible,” he told Nikkan Sports. “One way is to change the team. I want to change the environment and the challenge.”I have played in Dortmund and Manchester United, no matter what country I go to, I will not be afraid.”I have always been thinking about how I can go to Spain in the last couple of years. I can’t retire without going to Spain.”This is the most important challenge in my career.”Kagawa has made 216 appearances for Dortmund over his two spells at the club and is contracted to the Bundesliga side until 2020.He is not the only experienced player at Dortmund to find playing time difficult to come by, with Mario Gotze featuring just five times in the league.Dortmund are enjoying a fine season and sit comfortably at the top of the Bundesliga with 30 points from 12 matches and are yet to lose in the top flight.Coach Lucien Favre has received significant praise for putting trust in young players, with the likes of Jadon Sancho, Achraf Hakimi and Christian Pulisic flourishing.
Two goals from Belgian wizard Eden Hazard and another by Victor Moses earned Chelsea a 3-0 home win over struggling West Bromwich Albion in the Premier League on Monday, easing pressure on coach Antonio Conte following two defeats for the champions.The lively Hazard twisted his way goalwards in the 25th minute before playing a neat one-two with new signing Olivier Giroud who held off defenders to place the ball for the Belgium international to smack it past goalkeeper Ben Foster.Moses added Chelsea’s second after sprinting down the wing and laying the ball off to Cesc Fabregas, whose flick was deflected back into the Nigerian’s path.Hazard’s second goal wrapped up the points as Chelsea moved back into the top four. In the 71st minute, he received a pass from substitute Alvaro Morata, and jinked past defender Jonny Evans to lift the ball into the net.Chelsea have 53 points from 27 games, one point ahead of London rivals Tottenham Hotspur and a point behind third-placed Liverpool in the race for Champions League qualifying spots.Thanks for your support tonight! pic.twitter.com/R45hOcBVeGChelsea FC (@ChelseaFC) February 12, 2018A beaming Conte, whose side had lost their previous two Premier League games at home to Bournemouth and at Watford, hurried round the pitch after the whistle, shaking hands.ENERGISED PLAYERSThe Italian, who won the title in his first season in charge, has had a strained relationship with the club hierarchy since last summer after disagreements over buying players and British media suggested he would leave at the end of the season.advertisementBut his players, so lacklustre against Watford, looked energised after a week’s rest. France international Giroud, who joined last month from Arsenal, provided a target man and combined well with Hazard and Fabregas.He left the pitch to applause in the 70th minute, his head swathed in bandages after he was kicked in a goalmouth melee in the first half.”He is a great target man,” Hazard told Sky Sports. “Maybe one of the best in England. So we can pass the ball and go around him. He is a good point of reference. We have plenty though as we have him, Alvaro and I can play striker also.”We are Chelsea! pic.twitter.com/8h5x14bw8LCésar Azpilicueta (@CesarAzpi) February 12, 2018It was a miserable night for Alan Pardew’s West Brom side, who have won once in their last 25 Premier League games. Despite a lively start they managed one shot on target.The disappointment was compounded with the loss of Daniel Sturridge barely three minutes into the game. The striker, on loan from Liverpool, limped off to be replaced by Jay Rodriguez.The visitors also failed to convert good chances that fell to Jonny Evans, Salomon Rondon and Rodriguez.Chelsea are still competing on three fronts. They face Hull City in the FA Cup fifth round on Friday before meeting Barcelona in the last 16 of the Champions League on February 20.(Source: Reuters)
Nominations for the 14th Annual Sports & Cultural Festival have opened. The event will be held at the Whiteshill Sport & Recreation Reserve from Friday 23 – Sunday 25th November 2007.For more information please download a copy of the poster and information pack below. Nominations close 26 October 2007.2007 Sports & Cultural Festival Poster2007 Sports & Cultural Festival Information
ARLINGTON, TX – APRIL 07: The Final Four logo is seen on the court following the NCAA Men’s Final Four Championship between the Kentucky Wildcats and th Connecticut Huskies at AT&T Stadium on April 7, 2014 in Arlington, Texas. (Photo by Ronald Martinez/Getty Images)New York Knicks President Phil Jackson is a busy man nowadays. Thursday night, Jackson was spotted in Columbus, Ohio, catching a glimpse of Buckeyes star freshman guard D’Angelo Russell. Friday afternoon, Jackson is already on the move, this time catching a Kentucky basketball practice to scout – well, probably most of the players on the Wildcats roster.A number of writers tweeted that Jackson was seen at the team’s Joe Craft Center.Phil Jackson at the Joe Craft center today— Jon Hale (@JonHaleTCP) February 27, 2015So Phil Jackson is watching Kentucky practice today, and if he’d like any input on the Knicks, I am right down the hall.— Brett Dawson (@BDawsonRivals) February 27, 2015Jackson is reportedly in a bit of trouble for commenting on a draft-ineligible player (Russell) Thursday night. Considering most of Kentucky’s roster is ineligible (less than a year of experience), he may need to refrain from talking to reporters.
COLUMBUS, OH – NOVEMBER 26: Nick Bosa #97 of the Ohio State Buckeyes celebrates a sack against the Michigan Wolverines at Ohio Stadium on November 26, 2016 in Columbus, Ohio. (Photo by Jamie Sabau/Getty Images)In all likelihood, this will be Nick Bosa’s final year at Ohio State. Like his brother before him, Bosa has quickly developed into one of the college game’s most dominant pass rushers.Earlier this year, it sounded like Bosa’s mind was already officially made up. During a media session back in January, he accidentally let a reference to his “last year” in Columbus slip when discussing the upcoming season.He caught himself, and amended his statement to “possibly my last year.” Of course, we all have a good idea of where his head’s at.Athlon Sports asked Nick Bosa about his future in a recent interview.Bosa, who appears on the cover of one of Athlon‘s college football preview magazines, directly mentioned the slip up.From the Q&A:You were out here for interviews one day and kind of slipped and said it was going to be your last year. Is it going to be your last year? Is that cast in stone?No, it’s definitely not cast in stone. I’m just going to play this year and see what happens.And that is what he probably needs to say. However, drama is going to be minimal come January.ESPN is already predicting Bosa to “dominate” the 2019 NFL Draft combine. He’s near the top of Mel Kiper’s Big Board. Add in his strong first two seasons at Ohio State, and his brother’s fast start as an NFL star, and Bosa has everything going for him as a potential early first round pick.[Athlon]
Pop quiz: When was the last time you walked into a bar and didn’t see a Moscow mule (or a Kentucky mule, a Tennessee mule, a London mule, et cetera) on the cocktail list? We’re going to venture that it’s been a pretty long time. The mule cocktail is ubiquitous these days and for good reason — they’re tasty and incredibly easy to make.Take the Moscow mule, for example. All you need is vodka, lime juice, and ginger beer and boom. Done. The combination of sweet, citrusy, and strong is hard to beat. It’s refreshing and you can easily put down a couple in a sitting, depending on how strong they are. (You also can’t forget the damn pretty copper mugs that mules come in, either.)Yet even though it only contains three ingredients, not all ingredients are created equal. If you look at the ingredients to many mass-produced ginger beers out there, you’ll notice that they are basically just sugar and ginger flavoring, giving you nothing but a headache after. You wouldn’t drink it on its own, so why would you put it in a cocktail?Below, you’ll find our picks for the best ginger beer for Moscow mules (you can find our picks for vodka here). They run the gamut on spiciness, so even if that zing isn’t your thing, you’ll find one to enjoy. (If you need to know how to make a Moscow mule, check out our video on the subject here.)BundabergAustralian ginger beer Bundaberg not only rolls off the tongue (as you’re delightfully ripping the cap off), but the brew is damn goo, too. Using locally-grown ginger and taking three days per batch, Bundaberg is great in mules and more.Q Ginger BeerUsing agave for sweetness and chili peppers, lime, and some other spices to accentuate the natural spiciness of the ginger, Q Ginger Beer is a simple, effective, and delicious mixer. Not only that, but Q drinks feature added carbonation, providing a little extra zip on the tongue with every sip. The brand also offers a solid tonic water.Brooklyn Crafted Extra Spicy Ginger Beer The Absolute Best Rye Whiskey Brands for Under $50 For those looking for a bit more of a kick in their mule, Brooklyn Crafted’s Extra Spicy delivers. Unfiltered (you can see the bits of ginger floating in the bottle), this ginger beer is a real zinger on the palate, making it a great way to wake up the senses.Fever Tree Ginger BeerUsing ginger from Nigeria, Cochin, and the Ivory Coast, Fever Tree gives off strong ginger flavors and smells without being overpowering. The level of carbonation, therefore the size of the bubbles, lead to a pleasing drinking experience overallGosling’s Stormy Ginger BeerThough known primarily for its ability to be used in Dark ‘n Stormys (their website even says it was created strictly for Dark ‘n Stormys, but we’re rebels, what can we say), Goslings ginger beer has a nice level of spice that is balanced by its sweetness. We suggest trying it in a mule, then in a Dark ‘n Stormy, then seeing which one you like better.Bottoms Up Ginger BeerBottoms Up is made by the Ginger People and not only does it use single-origin ginger, but it is unfiltered, not blended, and does not use any extracts or juices. Basically, it’s as pure a ginger beer as one can get.Fentiman’s Ginger BeerA little more complex than other ginger beers due to the fact that a variety of herbs are used in the brewing process, Fentiman’s Ginger Beer is made with Chinese ginger, resulting in a good amount of ginger flavor that you do not lose in the sweetness.AJ Stephan’s Jamaican-Style Ginger BeerFor those that like their ginger beer extra spicy, AJ Stephan’s Jamaican-Style Ginger Beer is one to consider. Hot up front and hot through the palate, this one really awakens the senses. There is a little bit of sweetness there, but the primary flavor is hot ginger.Rachel’s Ginger BeerMade in Seattle and shipped fresh in a refrigerated box, Rachel’s Ginger Beer utilizes Seattle water, fresh ginger, fresh lemon juice, and cane sugar to make a bright and zingy ginger beer. Rachel’s also makes a variety of flavors, including blood orange, pink guava, and caramelized pineapple.18.21 Bitters Spicy Ginger Beer ConcentrateA syrup, not a ginger beer, 18.21 Bitters’ concentrate is made from real ginger, cane sugar, citrus, and spices, and allows you to adjust the level of ginger flavor you want in your drink. You can either mix it with club soda to make ginger beer or add it directly to a drink for a nice ginger kick. Easy 3-Ingredient Cocktails You Can Master Editors’ Recommendations All 21 Six Flags Parks in the U.S., Ranked 11 Best Gins for a Refreshing Gin and Tonic 10 Classic Vodka Cocktail Recipes You Can Mix at Home
zoom US-based container carrier Matson reported a net income of USD 19.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2016, down from USD 26.6 million seen a year earlier, negatively impacted by a surge in bunker fuel prices and timing of fuel surcharge collections.The company’s revenue for the three-month period ended December 31, 2016 was USD 519.3 million compared with USD 494.8 million reported for the fourth quarter of 2015.Ocean transportation revenue increased USD 5.1 million, or 1.3 percent, during the fourth quarter 2016 compared with the fourth quarter 2015. This increase was primarily due to higher container volume in China, Alaska and South Pacific, largely offset by lower fuel surcharge revenue, lower container volume in Hawaii and Guam, and lower freight rates in the company’s China service.“Matson’s core businesses performed largely as expected in the fourth quarter; however, the quarter was negatively impacted by the increase in bunker fuel prices from mid-November through December,” Matt Cox, Matson’s President and Chief Executive Officer, said.While its full year 2016 net income dropped to USD 80.5 million from USD 103 million seen in 2015, Matson’s revenue for 2016 stood at USD 1.9 billion, up from USD 1.8 billion reported a year earlier.Ocean transportation revenue increased USD 43.1 million, or 2.9 percent, during the year ended December 31, 2016 compared with the previous year, primarily due to the inclusion of revenue from the company’s acquired Alaska service for the full year period, partially offset by lower freight rates in the China service and lower fuel surcharge revenue.“While our full year 2016 financial results failed to match the exceptional results achieved in 2015…2016 was a year in which we made critical investments for our future. We finalized our Hawaii fleet renewal program by ordering two new Kanaloa Class vessels and we expanded our Logistics platform into Alaska with the acquisition of Span Alaska,” Cox added.Matson said that its 2017 operating income will be lower than 2016 due to increased competition in Guam where further losses are expected due to the launch of a competitor’s second ship.
zoomSource: Flickr – under the CC BY-SA 2.0 license; Image by: Kees Torn The 14,000 TEU containership CSCL Jupiter has delayed its sailing schedule after being hit by another ship in Vietnam.The Hong Kong-flagged vessel needed repairs following the collision that occurred in the evening hours of August 22, the ship operator China Cosco Shipping was cited by local media.At the time of the incident, the 366-meter-long vessel was preparing to sail out of Cai Mep International Terminal near Ho Chi Minh City.There were no reports of injuries to the crew, cargo damage nor pollution at the site.CSCL Jupiter’s sailing schedule would reportedly be delayed for about a week as the 155,480 dwt containership suffered hull damage and was expected to undergo repairs at Cai Mep.Data provided by VesselsValue shows that the ship’s next destination is the Port Klang in Malaysia.World Maritime News Staff
Mumbai: With the increasing large base of internet users, digital media in the country is expected to overtake film entertainment in 2019 and print by 2021 to reach $5.1 billion in 2021, according to a FICCI-EY report. Film segment was valued at $2.5 billion in 2018 and estimated to be $2.8 billion in 2019, while print was valued at $4.4 billion in 2018 and estimated to reach $4.8 billion in 2021. Digital media grew by 42 per cent in 2018, valued at $2.4 billion, it said noting that Indians spent 30 per cent of their phone time on entertainment. Also Read – Thermal coal import may surpass 200 MT this fiscalIt expects the digital medium to be $3.2 billion in 2019. India has the world’s second-highest number of internet users after China, with around 570 million internet subscribers, growing at a rate of 13 per cent annually. There were 325 million online video viewers and 150 million audio streaming users in 2018. It expects the country to have 30-35 million paying OTT video subscribers and 6-7 million paying audio subscribers by 2021. The advertising led model was valued at $2.2 billion, while the subscription was valued at $0.2 billion in 2018. Also Read – Food grain output seen at 140.57 mt in current fiscal on monsoon boostBy 2021, it estimates ad model to be $4.3 billion and the subscription model to be $0.8 billion. “While watch time could grow 3 to 3.5x over the next five years, resulting in a massive inventory growth, advertising revenues will grow only around 2x. CPMs (cost per mile) will correspondingly fall during the period for non- premium inventory,” it said. It noted that telecom operators would become the new multi-system operators. “While 60 per cent of total consumption today is through telco bundles, it is estimated to grow to over 75 per cent by 2021 and cater to over 375 million subscribers,” it added. It noted that with the new TRAI Tariff order, OTT platforms would benefit due to increased parity between television and OTT content choices and costs. Overall the Indian media and entertainment sector touched $23.9 billion, a growth of 13.4 per cent over 2017. It is expected to grow to $33.6 billion by 2021. “During 2018-2021, growth will be driven by online gaming and digital media,” it said adding that TV will retain its pole position as the largest segment in terms of revenue. Indian online gaming subscriber base grew from 183 million in 2017 to 278 million in 2018, it noted, adding that the revenue is expected to be 1.7 billion in 2021 from 0.7 billion in 2018. Television grew at 12 per cent in 2018 to reach $10.6 billion and is estimated to be $13.7 billion by 2021.
OTTAWA — A spokeswoman for NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh says an event designed to be a constituency open house was mistakenly identified as a campaign event in an email.Melanie Richer says the party recognized the error and sent a retraction as soon as the issue came to their attention.She also notes a new invite was sent out after to properly identify the open house.Richer says the NDP has notified the clerk of the House of Commons about the mistake and the follow-up emails sent to correct the situation.She says the party’s caucus and staff always look to respectfully and responsibly use parliamentary resources.Richer says the NDP is looking forward to welcoming the people of Burnaby South to Singh’s office in the riding to showcase it services.The Canadian Press
SAN FRANCISCO — The Latest on ride-hailing giant Lyft’s IPO (all times local):7 a.m. PSTLyft is celebrating its IPO in a former car dealership that it’s turning into a centre for Lyft drivers.The venue symbolizes how the ride-hailing company has changed the way we experience transportation.Co-founder and CEO Logan Green said in the early days of the company, he was told he was crazy to think people would ride in each others’ personal vehicles. Now the company has provided more than 1 billion rides.John Zimmer, Lyft’s president and co-founder, says the road ahead comes with massive opportunities and genuine challenges.Lyft says it will invest $50 million annually or 1 per cent of profits in transportation initiatives in cities. The investments will include free or discounted rides for medical patients and low-income seniors and developing infrastructure for bikes, scooters and transit.___3 a.m. PSTLyft had little trouble getting investors to hop on board its increasingly popular ride-hailing service, as its initial public offering fetched a $72 per-share price that exceeded even its own expectations.The next big test comes Friday morning when the San Francisco company’s stock will begin trading on the Nasdaq exchange under the ticker symbol “LYFT.”It will mark the first time that most people who have used their smartphone to summon a car dispatched by Lyft or its bigger rival, Uber, will have a chance to make a bet on whether the ride-hailing phenomenon will continue to transform transportation and eventually become a major money maker.The institutional investors that bought into the IPO clearly think so, enabling Lyft to demand a price that was above its initial goal of $62 to $68 per share.The Associated Press
In addition to serving as Twilio CPO, Chew will continue to sit on the board of trustees for the Olin College of Engineering. Twilio tapped Chee for his “unique combination of skills” and his experiences “building outstanding products, teams, and companies,” Lawson indicated in a prepared statement. Dish Networks Gets a Bone in Sprint, T-Mobile Merger OK Michael Finneran July 30, 2019 A fantasy solution for a fanciful concern clears the way for Sprint, T-Mobile combo — please let it go through, for safety’s sake! Cradlepoint delivers these wireless edge routers through its NetCloud service, enabling enterprises and public safety organizations to use the Gigabit-Class LTE cellular networks available today while also providing them a path to 5G when it becomes available, the company said. Elastic Wideband uses 5G technologies like 4×4 multiple-input and multiple-output, 256 quadrature amplitude modulation, and multi-carrier aggregation to deliver Gigabit-Class LTE on cellular networks that support LTE Advanced Pro, capable of expanding to support full 5G in the future, Cradlepoint said. With this week’s announcement, Cradlepoint also revealed that its Elastic Wideband technology now supports Private LTE. One Way or Another, Sprint Needs Out of Purgatory Michael Finneran June 19, 2019 For enterprise customers, the benefits of a T-Mobile/Sprint combination are clear, but the politics remain incomprehensible. No Jitter Roll: Five for Friday Beth Schultz June 14, 2019 A look at news from Slack, Symphony, Intel, Nureva, and PGi Vocera Has Hands-Free Prescription for HealthcareVocera Communications this week launched a wearable communication device aimed at improving workflows for healthcare clinicians. Under Vector Capital, Aspect will continue accelerating is strategic transformation, execute on its growth plans, and refine its go-forward strategy, Chris Koziol, president and CEO of Aspect, said in a prepared statement. “Vector Capital brings substantial operational and financial resources as well as a proven track record of helping enterprise software companies invest in new products, accelerate innovation, and build market leading businesses.” Log in or register to post comments “Funding and access to resources are two of the biggest obstacles that developers face,” said Chris Penrose, president of IoT solutions at AT&T, in a prepared statement. “We’re looking to help remove those challenges so that entrepreneurs can do what they do best — innovate.”Tags:News & ViewsTwilioAspect SoftwareVocera CommunicationsCradlepointAT&TIndustry NewsAI & Speech TechnologiesContact Center & Customer ExperienceEnterprise NetworkingInternet of Things Articles You Might Like Vector Capital Acquires Aspect SoftwareEarlier this month, Aspect Software, a customer engagement and workforce optimization solutions provider, revealed that it is being acquired by private equity firm Vector Capital. In this week’s news roundup, we look at announcements around new executive leadership, acquisitions, speech technology, enterprise networking, and Internet of Things (IoT). Cradlepoint Delivers Edge Router Solutions for 5GCradlepoint, a LTE and 5G wireless network edge solution provider, this week announced a portfolio of Gigabit-Class LTE edge routers. These routers are based on the company’s Elastic Wideband technology, a component of its Elastic Edge vision for a software-defined WAN connecting people, places, and things. Avaya Taps RingCentral in UCaaS Partnership Beth Schultz October 03, 2019 Deal includes RingCentral’s $500 million investment in Avaya. Vector Capital will invest more than $100 million of equity capital in Aspect, and Aspect’s existing lenders will continue to support the company with a new credit facility at the close of the deal, press materials state. Following regulatory approvals and other standard closing conditions, the deal is expected to close this quarter. “On the heels of SD-WAN, wireless is the next major wave of WAN transformation fueled by advanced LTE and 5G services,” said George Mulhern, chairman and CEO at Cradlepoint, in a prepared statement. The Vocera Smartbadge features a 2.4-inch touchscreen that allows clinicians to receive notifications that include patient context like room number, name, age, and vital signs. The Smartbadge is an upgrade on the original Vocera Badge, a smaller device with fewer features. News_774.png The Smartbadge will integrate with more than 140 clinical and operational systems, including electronic health records, nurse call systems, and physiologic monitors, Vocera said. It’s powered by the Vocera Platform, which aggregates data from these hospital systems and delivers information to the device as appropriate. Additionally, through voice commands, healthcare workers can use the device to issue alerts. AT&T Aims to Foster IoT InnovationAT&T last week announced it’s partnering with Arrow Electronics and Indiegogo to help entrepreneurs developing applications around the IoT in connection to the Arrow Certification Program. The certification program offers engineering, supply chain, marketing, and production support. Twilio Bolsters Executive LeadershipCommunications APIs provider Twilio this week announced the hiring of a new chief product officer (CPO), Chee Chew, who is set to join the company on Monday, Jan. 14. As part of Twilio’s executive management team, Chew will report to Twilio CEO Jeff Lawson. Avaya & RingCentral: Does This Alliance Make Sense? Zeus Kerravala October 04, 2019 While the benefits for RingCentral are clear, that’s not so easily said about Avaya. While the Smartbadge is larger than its predecessor, it is still lightweight, Vocera said, and “ideal for clinicians needing their hands free to provide patient care.” It features improved microphones and speakers for high-quality audio communications in hands-free and hand-set modes. Additionally, it includes a one-touch dedicated panic button, allowing staff to get faster and easier help in emergency situations. It offers extended battery life and USB charging and headset ports. Chew comes to Twilio from Amazon, where he served as vice president of consumer engagement, responsible for the company’s core shopping experience on the Web and mobile apps. Prior to Amazon, Chew worked as vice president of engineering at Google, where he headed real-time communications efforts such as Google Voice and Google Hangouts; before that, he spent 14 years as a general manager at Microsoft. To qualify for the AT&T connectivity and be eligible to win flash funding, projects must be certified as part of the Arrow Certified Technology program, which can be obtained via an application on Arrow’s website. Following a successful review by Arrow engineers, the product will earn its certification, which signifies that the product design is ready for manufacturing. See All in Industry News » For connectivity, AT&T will be providing developers with access to its 4G LTE, 5G, LTE Cat M1, and Narrowband IoT networks, as well as SIM cards, data plans for qualified projects, and access to IoT tools. Additionally, AT&T and Arrow Electronics will be awarding $250,000 in flash funding to Indiegogo campaigns that contain Arrow-Certified technology.
Mr. Annan and Special Representative Brahimi held discussions at UN Headquarters with the US Ambassador to the UN, John D. Negroponte, and Richard Haass, the US Secretary of State’s Personal Representative for Afghanistan.Speaking to reporters following the meetings, Mr. Haass said discussions had covered a full range of issues involving Afghanistan, including what could be done to ease the humanitarian situation there. “Tomorrow, Ambassador Brahimi will be coming to Washington, D.C. for a full set of meetings, and we look forward to continuing the dialogue then, and more generally to continuing our conversation with the United Nations on this issue,” he said.Asked about potentially conflicting positions between the UN and the US, Mr. Haass said that while it was too early to present plans, “we did discuss various aspects of the evolving situation that would have to be addressed.””I don’t see differences between the United States and the United Nations,” he added. “This was and is a consultation in every sense of the word, where both sides are essentially sharing thoughts about a rapidly evolving situation, and what the two can do to usefully make the situation there better both now and down the road.”
According to the report, “Population Challenges and Development Goals,” issued by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), the reductions, which began in the 1970s, have lowered the percentage of children in the population and increased the proportion of persons of working age in developing countries. Provided jobs are available for the rising number of workers, the report says that developing countries can reap the benefits of increased production along with the lessened burden of decreasing proportion of dependent children. From 1950 to 2005, the report states, fertility rates in “less-developed” countries, developing countries not in the poorest category, plummeted from 6.2 births per family to 2.8. Countries in Asia, many of whom fit in that category, went from six births to 2.4. Among the 50 least developed countries, most of which are located in Africa, the rate fell from 6.7 births per family in 1950, to 5.0 in 2005. Though not as sharp a decline, the report finds the 20 per cent drop a hopeful sign toward the alleviation of the high population growth pressures that most affect these countries. Since countries with extreme poverty are still expected to experience at least a quarter of all population growth occurring in the next 10 years, DESA says that those countries will benefit most from the reduction of fertility brought about by the prevention of unwanted births, a goal of the programme of action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), a UN-sponsored body.
The head of the United Nations agriculture agency today called for greater funding for a sustainable response to the refugee crisis in Uganda, as he concluded a visit to the country’s north hosting those crossing the border for safety. “Uganda’s refugee model is an example to the world,” said UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Director-General José Graziano da Silva in a news release, noting that the country allocates land to refugees for shelter and cultivation so that they can provide food for themselves rather than rely on food aid. “It is vital that funds be mobilized to support this effort […] so that refugees and their host communities can have a real opportunity to overcome hunger and poverty. Uganda is giving not only food and land but hope,” he added. Uganda is host to the fastest-growing refugee crisis in the world. Since July last year, more than one million South Sudanese refugees have crossed into the country. The refugees are predominantly women and young people and come from farming or livestock herding communities. Mr. Graziano da Silva visited two refugee settlements, Agojo and Mungula 1, in Adjumani district near Uganda’s border with South Sudan. At Agojo, the FAO Director-General helped distribute crop and vegetable seeds to more than 1,000 refugee and host community households. At Mungula 1, he inaugurated a micro-irrigation project that will provide the refugee and host community households with a reliable source of water for their crops and animals. Prior to visiting the settlements, Mr. Graziano da Silva met with Uganda’s Prime Minister Ruhakana Rugunda. Under a new response plan, FAO is intensifying its efforts in providing livelihood assistance to refugees and host communities. The plan focuses on food and livestock production, nutrition, protecting the environment and enhanced technical support to the Government. The Director-General’s visit comes after UN Secretary-General António Guterres called on the donor community in June to strengthen their support to the refugee response. Uganda requires around $2 billion annually for 2017-2020 to address refugee needs, and donors have so far pledged around $358 million.
Fifty is the new sixty for ten per cent of middle aged men whose poor lifestyle has left them with a heart that is a decade older than their actual age, Public Health England has warned.In 2015 the NHS launched its Heart Age Test to help people discover if they were at risk of heart attack and stroke.New analysis of the results from 1.2 million middle aged men who took the test showed that one in 10 50-year-olds has the heart of a 60-year-old man, suggesting they could die a decade earlier than they should.The problem is worse for men than women. Of those found to have hearts which were 10 years older than their actual age, only 36 per cent were women. The majority, 64 per cent, were men.Every month, 7,400 people die from heart disease or stroke. A quarter of deaths are of people under 75 but most of those could be prevented by lowering cholesterol and blood pressure, and living a healthier lifestyle.Cardiovascular disease, which includes heart attack and stroke, declining in recent years is still the main cause of death amongst men and the second highest cause of death in women.Having a high heart age increases the risk of serious health issues including dementia, heart attack, stroke, chronic kidney disease and diabetes.Associate Professor Jamie Waterall, Lead for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, PHE, said: “We should all aim for our heart age to be the same as our real age – addressing our risk of heart disease and stroke should not be left until we are older. Show more “The Heart Age Test is really important as it gives an immediate idea of heart attack and stroke risk, with no doctor’s appointment needed.”As part of its One You campaign, this week PHE has launched a more up to date version of the Heart Age Test and is encouraging people to take three minutes out of the day to check their heart health.People who take the test will be referred to apps, advice and resources to help them eat and drink better, get active, and quit smoking to improve their health.For the first time, the test will direct users to their nearest blood pressure station if they do not know theirs, as those with high blood pressure are more at risk of heart disease or stroke.Around half of those taking the test since it launched in February 2015 did not know their blood pressure numbers.High blood pressure is often symptomless and 5.6 million people in England currently have high blood pressure but do not know it.Dr Mike Knapton, Medical Director at the British Heart Foundation, added: “It’s extremely worrying that so many people don’t know their blood pressure or cholesterol levels, as these silent conditions can lead to a deadly heart attack or stroke if untreated.“The Heart Age Test is a quick and easy way to estimate the number of years you will live in good health. If you are concerned by the age of your heart, make an appointment with your GP.”The campaign runs throughout September in partnership with cardiovascular charities British Heart Foundation, Stroke Association and Blood Pressure UK.Katherine Jenner, CEO of Blood Pressure UK, said: “We’re pleased to be teaming up with the Heart Age Test to create an easier way to put people in control of their health.“Getting your blood pressure tested in your nearest pharmacy or health centre can be the first important step to prolonging your life.” Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.
By Conor Gallagher Man jailed for six years for possessing €1.7m worth of cannabis Some 115 packets of the drug, weighing nearly 84kg, were found. Image: Sasko Lazarov/RollingNews.ie Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article A MAN HAS been jailed for six years for the possession of nearly €1.7 million worth of cannabis which was hidden in a consignment of vintage clothing.Dublin Circuit Criminal Court heard on Friday that a customs officer at Highland Shipping in Finglas examined the pallet of clothing and found it contained 115 packets of the drug weighing nearly 84kg.Gardaí were alerted and a decision was made to repackage the clothes and allow the owner to collect them.On 26 June 2015, Dean McCarthy drove a transit van into the business park and collected the pallet as undercover gardaí looked on. He drove the van to a pub car park where he handed the keys to another man.McCarthy got in a Mercedes car and drove home as the other man drove the van to Balbutcher Lane in Ballymun. There, gardaí moved in on the van causing the driver to flee, leaving the van behind him.That evening, McCarthy, who was still under surveillance, went out for dinner with his partner and was observed driving slowly by Balbutcher Lane and looking at the abandoned van. He was arrested later that night.In interview he said he didn’t know what was in the pallet of clothing. The court heard the pallet was addressed to his partner but that she has not been charged with any offence.Detective Garda Eamon Tighe told prosecuting counsel, Garret Baker BL, he didn’t believe McCarthy knew the pallet contained so much cannabis. He said McCarthy has 12 previous convictions for minor offences.Partner’s debtMcCarthy (26) of Finnebar Square, Finglas pleaded guilty to possession of €1.674 million of cannabis in Finglas 26 on June 2015.Defence counsel, Caroline Biggs SC, said McCarthy was being used by others to “do the dirty work”.She said her client took part in the offence to pay off a debt his partner had run up. Counsel said McCarthy understood the seriousness of his offence and that his family were living a nightmare because of it.Sentencing McCarthy to six years in jail, Judge Melanie Greally said he played a “limited though responsible role” in the offence.She accepted he didn’t have “precise knowledge of the amount of drugs involved” and that his role was limited to collecting the drugs for onwards movement.The judge took into account several mitigating factors including McCarthy’s early guilty plea, his lack of significant previous convictions, his good employment record and family support.She noted he had a difficult upbringing, with his mother suffering from drug addiction and his father dying by suicide.Read: Man who threw glass bottle, injuring innocent bystander, avoids jailRead: Man who beat girlfriend and bit her face given three-year suspended sentence http://jrnl.ie/3269569 Image: Sasko Lazarov/RollingNews.ie 19 Comments 14,717 Views Sunday 5 Mar 2017, 7:30 AM Short URL Mar 5th 2017, 7:30 AM Share4 Tweet Email